Roving Ambassador of Islam
Shaykh Abd al-Aleem
yearns to show it’s bleeding scars
And to teach
everyone on earth the laws
Which might make
blessed life’s span
This is my yearning
and this is my aim
This is my
intention and this is my claim
With this I yearn
to scan the globe
And deliver to
humanity the message of Hope”
[An extract from a
poem by Mawlana Shah Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui written in his
“Roving Ambassador of Islam”, Mawlana ‘Abd al-'Aleem Siddiqui
al-Qadirī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was born on 15th Ramadan 1310
Hijri in Meeruth, India. He hails from the noble Siddiqui family
who are direct descendants of Ameer al-Mo'mineen Sayyiduna Abu
Bakr Al-Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho in the 37th generation.
His father, Hadrat Mawlana 'Abd al-Hakim Siddiquī al-Qadirī Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho was a distinguished scholar and a high
ranking 'Alim of Dīn. He was also a devout Sufi Master of the
Qadiriyyah Spiritual Order. He took special care in the
education of his son who completed his Nazara (visual
recitation) of the Holy Qur’an at the tender age of 4. He
studied elementary Arabic and Persian under the guidance of his
father at home and was then enrolled at the local Madressa 'Arabiyyah
Qoumiyyah where he graduated as an 'Alim. He then pursued his
Secular studies at the Islamiyah High School until Matric (Grade
12). His classmate was the former president of India Dr. Zakir
Hussain. In 1917, he then enrolled at Meeruth University where
he graduated with a bachelor’s degree with distinction.
His elder brother, the great 'Alim Hadrat Mawlana Sha Ahmed
Mukhtar Siddiquī Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho then took him to
Bareilly and handed him over to the great Mujaddid, 'Arif Billah
A'la’Hadrat Imam al-Akbar Qutb al-Irshad Muhaqqiq Ahmad Rīda al-Qadirī
Muhaddith Bareilwi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho. Here he was groomed
in many Islamic sciences including strenuous spiritual training
in Tasawwuf under the able supervision of the Sufi Master and 'Arif
of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala. After spiritual perfection, the
Imam bestowed on him the Khilafah of the Qadiriyyah Barkatiyyah
Silsilah. It was here that the ardent love of the Beloved Habīb
Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam was injected into his heart that
transformed him into a perfect human (Insan al-Kamil).
Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (Radi Allah Ta’ala Anho) was
already swimming in the ocean of Ishq (love) that led him to
adhere to a stable spiritual life. His mission started when he
was ordered by his spiritual teachers to visit the Holy Land of
Makkah al-Mukarramah. His journey to Makkah Sharif was the
culmination of his spirituality, it was at that pinnacle moment
that his lessons in ‘Baatin’ (inner) had to be lived in "zahiri’
(exterior). He set himself, body & soul to the pilgrimage in
1919. His life took a different turn when he stepped on the
doorway of our Beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He
was warmly welcomed, as our Beloved (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam)
blessed the heart of the Shaykh. Immediately he was convinced
and inspired that he was a man chosen by Allah The Almighty and
our Beloved Prophet (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) to sacrifice his
entire life to the service of humanity. His mission was handed
over by beloved Prophet (Sallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) to his heart
and soul. This was when his real journey commenced.
He endured many painful obstacles and tribulations, but
continued to persist through them with admirable patience. His
heart was set to acquire the inner knowledge that he was taught
during his early years. His approach to Tassawuf and
spirituality was a distinctive feature that differentiated
Shaykh (Radi Allah Ta’ala Anho) from other living scholars. The
desire to spread the teaching of Islam became so intense, that
he traveled far and wide not only to spread Deen Islam and to
enrich people’s conception about spirituality but also for the
gratification of his soul.
Dunya Chaani Alaam Mein Phira,
Par Tera Shuragh kahin Na Mila
Jab Chashm-e-Baseerat se Dekha, hay Dil ke Andar Tu Hi Tou.
He traveled through out the entire globe for 30 years with that
sacred inspiration and mission to revive humanity and reveal the
truth to everyone’s heart. He was not only a scholar, but also a
highly endowed spiritual master conveying the message. He
brought spiritual illumination to the hearts of thousands;
Muslims and Non Muslims. His prayers had given hope to many that
were struck by incurable illnesses. People around the world felt
the sweetness of his presence. Many were attracted by his
sincerity, others by the manifestation of a divine light, which
encompassed his entire being and many others, by his friendly
and compassionate attitude. His blessed presence and spiritual
magnetism had given new impetus to the religious and social
lives of thousands. He had gained a high esteem in everybody’s
heart and continues to be remembered by so many as a great Sufi
and spiritual leader.
Shaykh was such a highly endowed Sufi that his intelligence
conquered eminent persons such as leaders and statesmen of
different religious beliefs. His spiritual achievements were
enormously admired and many political leaders and businesses
sought his guidance in their matters. He had instilled purity
and spirituality in the hearts of those he met. Even the
celebrated intellectuals of the west had the opportunity of
admiring this great saint of Islam. We cannot forget the
infamous encounter between Shaykh (A Theologian) and George
Bernard Shaw (A Scholar).
Masjid Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui at 90 Lorong K, Telok Kurau
Besides his noble father and Imam Ahmad Rida Radi Allahu Ta'ala
Anhum Ajma'aeen, some of his other notable teachers were:
a) BaHr al-'Ulūm Mawlana 'Abd al-Hayy Farangī Mahellī.
b) 'Arif Billah Shaykh Ahmad al-Shams Shamil Radi Allahu Ta'ala
Anho of Morocco.
c) Shaykh Al-Sanusee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho of Libya.
d) Hakim Ah’tasham al-Dīn (taught him Tibb : Unani Medicine).
Man of Superb Qualities
In Madina al-Munawwarah he was lovingly called “Tabeeb al-Hindi”
(Indian Physician). Mawlana was also a celebrated poet and used
“Aleem, عليم” as his poetic pen name. He inherited this science
from his noble father. Since childhood, he was an influential
orator and addressed a huge crowd of Muslims at a Mawlid
celebration in Meerut, India at the tender age of 9 years. This
was his first public speech and he spoke on the excellence of
Sayyiduna Rasūlullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. His speech had
the audience spellbound.
His noble father passed away when he was only 12 years old.
Since his mother was a very knowledgeable and pious woman, she
undertook the initiative to educate and groom her son to the
peak of perfection. Since he was raised in a cradle of knowledge
and piety, he possessed a refined character with an impeccable
personality. His ancestral Siddiqī blood generated a great sense
of awe in his personality that subdued intellectuals and
Roving Ambassador of Islam
Till this day, Hadrat Mawlana is recognised and accepted as the
“Roving Ambassador of Islam” for his invaluable services to
Islam and the Muslims internationally. He travelled extensively
to the four corners of the globe and preached Islam. Numerous
persons embraced Islam on his hands and millions benefited from
his services of Dīn. Some of the countries he frequented were:
1) United Kingdom
2) United States of America
16) South Africa
20) East Africa
31) South America
35) West Indies
39) Guyana (then
Jamia Masjid (Kenya) built by Hadrat Shah Abd al Aleem
Siddiqui that had been
the centre of all Sunni activities but currently it is
Deobandies and Tabhleegies for past 6/7 years.
In his tours,
he met with leaders of every religion and faith exchanging views
not only on religion but also on political and social
dimensions. His approach and presentation of Islam won the
hearts of many intellectuals and statesmen, who reverted to
Islam on his hands. He not only propagated Islam wherever he
went, but he also established socio-religious centres that to
this day are rendering invaluable services to the masses.
His Eminence was also responsible for establishing various
Mosques (Masaajids) and Islamic Educational Centres throughout
the world. Hanafi Masjid in Colombo, the Sultaan Masjid in
Singapore and the Naagarya Masjid in Japan are few of the famous
The Inter-Religious Organization was founded in the '40s by
Mawlana Muhammad Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadiri (may Allah be
pleased with him), who also founded the All Malaya Muslim
Missionary Society in 1931 and who was the first Muslim
"missionary" to travel around the globe a number of times to
spread the word of Islam. Jamiyah Singapore was founded in 1932
as an offshoot from this organization.
Expert in more than 15 Languages
He also studied at the Punjab University where he obtained a
degree in Oriental languages. Mawlana was fluent in many
languages, namely, Urdu, Arabic, Persian, English, German,
Japanese, Indonesian, Suhailee and etc.
Thousands Embraced Islam at his
Thousands embraced Islam at his hands including the well-known
thinker Maria Levinskya and her husband the nuclear scientist
Dr. Antonoff. An interesting account of Mawlana Muhammad Abdul
Aleem Siddique's great work for Islam is found in the account of
his world tour written by Dr. Tahir bin Ahmad's father -
Professor Dr. Ahmad bin Ibrahim presently at the International
Islamic University of Malaysia.
During his tour of the world, he met with various western
dignitaries and had lengthy discussions with them on Islam. He
met the world-renowned Irish dramatist and Philosopher, George
Bernard Shaw, on 17th of April 1935 during his visit to
Mombassa, Kenya and discussed many religious problems with him.
He was very much impressed by Mawlana Abdul Aleem Siddiqi and
been very pleased to make the acquaintance, and it will be
the most precious of all memories of this trip of mine."
["Shavian and Theologian"
published by Genuine Islam and World Federation of Islamic
A Great Politician
Hadrat Mawlana was also a great politician and took an active
part in local and international politics. He was very
instrumental in abolishing the Hajj Tax then introduced by the
Saudī Regime. The introduction of the Hajj Tax infuriated him as
it was against the Sharī'ah and affected millions of incoming
Hujjaj to the Holy land. It is also ethically incorrect to
charge a Hajj Tax on pilgrims who spend thousands and undertake
such a strenuous journey only to be welcomed at Jeddah seaport
and airport by an unjustified tax instead of being given a warm
welcome to the Holy Land as the guest of Allah SubHanuhu wa
Ta'ala and His Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam.
His Request for Verdict from
Mufti Aazam al-Hind
He consulted with the most senior Jurist of the Muslim World,
the great 'Arife Billah, Qutb al-'Alam, Muftī al-A'zam, Imam
Mustafa Rīda al-Qadirī Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, and requested
him for an Islamic ruling (Fatwa) on the Hajj Tax. The Grand
Mufti issued an Islamic decree in the Arabic language condemning
the Hajj Tax as un-Islamic which was later published by the
title “Tard al-Shaytan un Sabeel al-Rahman al-Muqallib bihi
Omdat al-Bayan fi Hurmate Koshan”. This Fatwa was acknowledged
by many Giants of the Islamic world, namely Sadr al-Afadil
Mawlana Sayyid Naī'mudīn Muradabadī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho,
Sadr al-Sharee'ah Mawlana Amjad 'Alee al-Qadiree Radi Allahu
Ta'ala Anho, etc.
Hadrat Mawlana 'Abd al-'Aleem Siddiquee Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho
took this Fatwa and set out to meet the Saudi authorities. He
met with the King in Hijaz and debated the Hajj Tax and
presented the Fatwa. He convinced the King who then abolished
the Hajj Tax. But unfortunately, the Saudi authorities later
reinstated this un-Islamic Tax again to exploit the pilgrims to
the Holy Land. It is indeed unfortunate that the Muslim world
has forgotten the services of this great Ambassador of Islam.
His body rests in Jannat al-Baqee
Hadrat Mawlana Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was an ardent Lover of
the Beloved Habīb, Sayyiduna Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa
Sallam and always prayed to die and be buried in the sacred city
of Madinah al-Munawwarah. The compassionate Prophet Sallallaho
Alaihi wa Sallam was fully aware of his ardent lover’s desires
and hence granted him his wish. Sadly, this brilliant son of
Islam finally departed on 22nd Dhul-Hijjah, 1373 Hijri (22nd
August 1954) at the age of 63 years and was laid to rest
peacefully at the feet of Umm al-Mo'minīn Sayyidah A’yesha
Siddiqah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anha in Jannat al-Baqee’.
Tabhleegh in form of
Although he was extremely busy in his international mission of
Tableegh, he still found time to write numerous books in Urdu
and English. Some of them are:
wa Eid al-Fitr (Urdu)
3) Qadyanī Haqiqat
ka Izhar (Urdu)
5) Quest for True
6) Principles of
7) Forgotten Path
of Knowledge (English)
Contribution to Science (English)
Tassawuf ( Urdu)
Teaching of Islam (Hanafi) (English)
Teaching of Islam (Shafa’ī) (English)
12) The Mirror
13) A Shavian and
14) History of The
Codification of Islamic Law Cultivation Of Science By
15) A Short
Catechism Of Islam (English)
16) The Universal
17) The Universal
18) The Islamic
19) The Meaning Of
20) Women And Their
Status In Islam (English)
21) Islam’s Answer
To The Challenge Of Communism (English)
22) The Preservers
of Hadith (English)
23) Ijtahad and
Mujtahid (English) and etc.
He was also the founder of various newspapers and Islamic
magazines from amongst which are, "The Muslim Digest" (South
Africa), "Trinidad Muslim Annual" and the "Pakistani News" and
was author of numerous books such as the "Cultivation of Science
by the Muslims".
Muballigh-e-Aazam (The Greatest
Propagator of Islam)
His Eminence spent most of his remaining life traveling to the
most obscure corners of the world to spread the message of Islam
and imparting spiritual teachings to adherents of various sufi
orders. It is said that he traversed the world seven times over
and has no doubt earned the title — Mubaligh-e-Azam (The
Greatest Propagator of Islam).
An Ode to the Great Mujjadid, Imam,
Ahmad Rida Khan Qadiri Barakati Baraylawi
Ali narrates, "The distinguished orator, Allamah Mawlana Haji
Qaari Shah Abdul Aleem Siddiqi Qadiri Razawi Meeruti, on
returning from the Haramayn Shareefayn presented himself to the
Great Imam and recited the following Manqabat in praise of
Sayyiduna Ala Hadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu).
more than what is said in your praise,
O Sha Ahmad Raza!
You are the distributor of Irfaan.
You are drowned in
the Ocean of love and intoxicated from the goblet of Tawheed,
You are the
accepted of He who is the Beloved of Allah.
You are the centre
of Shariah, The orbit of those on the path of Tariqah
and the axis of
Haqiqah. Such a Qutbul Awliya are you!
The oceans of
Shariah and Tariqah join here.
Your chest is the
confluence of those oceans. Such a guide are you!
The people of the
Haram have accepted you as their Qibla and Kabaah,
You are the ‘people
of the Qibla's’ Qibla. Such a Qibla are you!
Through whom the
Crowns of the Eminent are decorated,
You are such a
radiant emerald and priceless gem!
I went to the land
of the Arabs and saw with my eyes your activities;
are the direction of the Ajam (Non Arab)!
The people of the
path of Tariqah travel for you,
Such a Qutb of the
time and Leader of the Awliya are you!
The glory of
Siddique Akbar is demonstrated through your taqwa,
Why should I not
call you the most pious when you are the most virtous!
The awe of
Farooq-e-Azam is demonstrated from you,
You are the epitome
of harshness on the kuffar,
You are the
courageous lion of whom the dissentors fear!
You have collected
the secret Quranic points,
This is your
inheritance from Uthmaan!
In the sincerity of
Ali, mannerism of Hassan and the resolve of Husayn,
By Allah you the
most unique of the times and someone unfound!
You are spreading
the knowledge of truth into the corners of the globe,
You are the Imaam
of the Ahle Sunnah and the Successor to Sayyiduna
Beggars beseech and
spread their bags before you,
Fill the bags of
the mendicant because you are their hope!
No one is ever
returned empty handed, such a generosity is yours!
Aleem is a humble beggar of your court,
You are his King
who will show favour on his condition!
Once the Mawlana had recited these verses, Sayyiduna Ala Hadrat
asked him, "Mawlana, What can I present to you? The Imam pointed
to his turban (which was very expensive) whilst he asked this to
the Mawlana. Even if I had to present this turban to you, it
still would not be worthy to be placed at your feet as you have
come from the most sanctified of places. However, I have a very
expensive jubba (Cloak) which I shall present to you.” Sayyiduna
went into his home and returned, carrying in his hands a velvet
jubba. He gifted this jubba which could not have been less than
250 Rupees to the Mawlana who stood up to receive it. He
received it with both his hands, kissed it and placed it upon
his eyes and then upon his head. Then he held it against his
chest for a very long time. [Hayaat-e-AlaHadrat
by Malik al-Ulama, Shah Zafar al-Din Bihaari]
We pray to the Bounteous Lord through the Waseela of His
Compassionate Rasūl, Sayyidun wa Mawlan MuHammadur Rasoolullah
Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam to shower the grave of the author
with choicest blessings and through him, bless us all and let
his struggle be a source of guidance to the Mankind. Ameen.
Kaarab Tasbeeh of Shaykh Abd al-Aleem Siddiqui al-Qadiri