Hadrat Baba Farid
Ganj-e-Shakar Radi Allahu Ta'ala
Mosque of Hadrat Khawaja
Baba Farid al-Din Mas'ud
Ganj-e-Shakar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho in Pakpattan, Pakistan
Hadrat Baba Farid al-Din
Ganj-e-Shakar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was born on the 29th Sha'ban in
569 A.H. [April 4, 1179 C.E.] in Khotwal, a village near Lahore . He is
the direct descendant of Hadrat Umar Farooq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, the
second Caliph of Islam.
Genealogy tracing back to Hadrat Umar Ibn al-Khattab
Umar Bin Khattab, second Caliph
Abdullah Ibn Umar
King of Balkh and Bukhara
Bin Adham aka Abou Ben Adham
Shah Kabuli, King of Afghanistan
died fighting Hulaku Khan
Fareed Gunj Shakar
It is narrated that a miracle
occurred before his birth proving his Saintship. One day, during the
pregnancy of his mother, she wanted to pluck some plums from her
neighbour's tree without his permission, but the child in her womb (Hadrat
Baba Farid) created a severe pain in her stomach that forced her to
abandon the idea of plucking. After a few years after Hadrat Baba
Farid’s Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho birth, his mother lovingly expressed:
“My dear son, during your confinement I never ate anything which was
unlawful.” Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, however, smiled
and said, “But, my dear mother, you wanted to pluck some plums from our
neighbour's tree without his permission when I had created a severe pain
in your stomach which saved you from this unlawful act.”
Hadrat Shaikh Nizamud Deen says
that once while Hadrat Shaykh Faridud Deen’s mother was performing
Salaat, a thief entered. When he gazed at her, he immediately became
blind. The thief cried out: “I came with the intention of stealing and
have become blind. I pledge never to steal again.”
At this time Hadrat’s age was
approximately 6 years. He made dua and the man’s sight was restored. In
the morning he came with his entire family and accepted Islam. He was
named Abdullah. He remained in Hadrat’s service to the end.
After he had completed his
early religious education at the age of 7 in Khotwal, his mother sent
him for higher education to Multan. Here he stayed in a masjid where he
learnt the Holy Qur'an by heart and studied Hadith, Fiqh, Philosophy and
Logic under the tutorship of Mawlana Minhajuddin.
Under Spiritual Guidance of Khwaja Qutbuddin Baktiar Kaki Alaihir raHmah
During his studies, Hadrat
Khwaja Qutbuddin Baktiar Kaki Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho of Delhi visited
Multan where Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho became his Murid
(disciple) in the Chishtiyya Silsila. Upon the instructions of his
Pir-o-Murshid, he undertook a tour of Islamic countries, for about 18
years from 593 A.H. to 611 A.H. [1196 C.E. to 1214 C.E.] he traveled to
Ghazni, Baghdad Sharif, Jerusalem, Afghanistan, Syria, Iran, Makkah
Mukarrama and Madinah al-Munawwarah meeting many great saints and Sufis.
After the demise of Hadrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho the
mantle of spiritual leadership in the Chishtiyya Silsila fell on the
shoulders of Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho when Khwaja
Qutbuddin Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho nominated him to be his Khalifa or
Baba Farid's Sufi Order
1. Hasan al-Basri
Waahid Bin Zaid
8. Abu Ishaq
9. Abu Ahmad
Muhammad Bin Abi Ahmad
Yusuf Bin Saamaan
Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki
Fariduddin Ganj Shakar
Journeys and Mujahida
It is narrated that when Hadrat
Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho visited Madina Sharif he was
spiritually commanded by the Holy Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam to
visit Baghdad Sharif and meet Hadrat Abdul Wahab, son of Hadrat
Ghaus-al-Azam Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho. He was
to receive some sacred relics from him. Accordingly, when he reached
Baghdad Sharif, he received a box from Hadrat Abdul Wahab Radi Allahu
Ta'ala Anho which contained the following holy relics: Two flag-poles
which were used by the Holy Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam in some
of the battles fought by him; one wooden bowl in which the Prophet
Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam used to eat from; one pair of scissors and
one turban which was used by the holy Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa
Because of political upheavals
in Delhi, he was obliged to shift the centre of the Chishtiyya mission
from Delhi to Ajodhan now known as "Pak Patan". The Khanqah of Baba
Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, with his patronage, became a great
university of "moral and spiritual training." Thousands of aspirants,
scholars, dervishes and Sufis reaped benefit from this spiritual
university. Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho reached the
pinnacle of spiritual glory through extremely hard Mujahidas (spiritual
striving) to gain mastery over the Nafs.
Why Called "Ganj Shakar"?
There are several views for him
being known by his famous title of Shakar Ganj. When he decided on
mujaahidah, his Shaikh advised hunger. He therefore began fasting. After
three days a man came and presented some bread. Thinking this to be by
divine direction, he accepted and ate the bread. Within a few moments he
became nauseous and vomited out whatever he had eaten. He reported this
incident to his Shaykh who said:
“After three days you ate the
food of a drunkard. Shukr unto Allah that the food did not remain in
your stomach. Now remain hungry for another three days and then eat what
comes from the Ghaib.”
After three days nothing came.
He was overcome by weakness. On account of the extreme hunger he put
some pebbles into his mouth. The pebbles turned into sugar. Fearing that
this may be some deception, he spat it out. A short while later, the
extreme hunger again constrained him to put pebbles into his mouth.
These too became sugar which he again spat out. This happened again for
a third time. In the morning he reported to his Shaykh who said:
“It would have been good if you
had ate it.”
Since that day he was called
It is also narrated that once a
trader was taking a caravan of camels laden with sugar from Multan to
Delhi. When he was passing through Ajodhan, Hadrat Baba Fariduddin Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho enquired casually as to what he was carrying on his
camels. The trader sarcastically replied, "It is salt." Hadrat Baba
Fariduddin Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho also affirmed, "Yes, it may be salt."
When the trader reached Delhi, he was awfully perturbed to find that all
his bags of sugar had turned to salt. He immediately returned to Ajodhan
and apologized before Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho. Hadrat
Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho said: "If it is sugar then it shall
be sugar." The trader returned to Delhi and was pleased to find that the
salt had turned back to sugar by the Grace of Almighty Allah. This is
how Hadrat Baba Sahib Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho received the title of "Ganj-e-
An staunch devotee of Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam
He fasted throughout his life
and maintained his nightly prayers and devotions. Fear of Allah always
dominated him. He was an staunch devotee of Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho
Alaihi wa Sallam and dedicated his entire life to the veneration of the
beloved Prophet's Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam immortal glory. At the
mention of the Holy Prophet's Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam character he
would often weep out of his love and devotion. Hadrat Baba Farid Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho avoided kings, government officials and the rich. He
also warned his Khalifas, devotees and Murids to avoid their company. He
was a living picture of humility. Whatever he received was spent in the
name of Allah and his chest overwhelmed with mercy and forgiveness. Many
miracles are attributed to him during his lifetime and after his passing
Bahishti Darwaza (Gate of
Heavens) besides the Mazar of Hadrat Baba
Farid al-Din Mas'ud Ganj-e-Shakar Alaihir raHmah in Pakpattan Sharif,
Anecdotes of Hadrat Baba Farid
One of the devotees of Hadrat
Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho named Mohammed Nishapuri lived in
Gujrat and was going to Delhi with three other companions. On their way
through the jungle, robbers encountered them. Mohammed Nishapuri and his
companions had no weapons to defend themselves. In such a helpless
state, Mohammed Nishapuri remembered his Pir, Hadrat Baba Farid Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho, and also offered prayers seeking Allah's help in
their predicament. Surprisingly, the robbers threw away their weapons
and offered an apology to the party and went away.
One day some poor people came
from Arabia to see Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho and said
that they were strangers to the land and that all their money was spent
before the end of the journey. Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho
gave them some dried dates which were lying in front of him at the
moment and said, “Take them and go. Your journey shall be completed by
the Grace of Allah.” Apparently, these persons were very disappointed
with such a "cheap gift". After leaving the Khanqah, they wanted to
throw away the dates, but just as they were about to do so, to their
amazement, the dates turned into gold. Regretting their thoughts, these
people left happily uttering their heartfelt gratitude and prayers for
Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho.
Once seven hundred holy men
were sitting together. An inquirer put them four questions to which Baba
Q.1 Who is the wisest of men?
A.1 He who refrain from Sin.
Q.2 Who is the most
A.2 He who is not disconcerted
Q.3 Who is most independent?
A.3 He who practices
Q.4 Who is the most needy?
A.4 He who practice it not.
Once an old woman came to Baba
Fairid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho and said that her son had disappeared
some twenty years ago and that his whereabouts had not been traced since
then. She requested him to pray for her son's return. Baba Farid Radi
Allah Anhu went into a trance and after some contemplation told to the
old woman:" Go, your son has reached home.'' The old woman was overjoyed
to learn this and met her son on her way home.
The Officer-in charge of Lahore
sent Baba Fairid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho one hundred Dinars through
someone. The man kept fifty Dinars for himself and offered the remaining
fifty to him. Accepting the fifty Dinars he told him: "Indeed, you have
divided them equally well.'' The man was ashamed. Baba Farid Radi Allahu
Ta'ala Anho returned the fifty Dinars to the man too, warning him that
criminal breach of trust is a sin that render's all prayers futile and
Once, due to utter weakness,
Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho helped himself to walk with
the aid of a staff. But after a few steps, the colour of his face
suddenly became purple, as if he was under heavy pressure. He threw away
the staff. When Hadrat Khwaja Nizamuddin Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, who
was escorting him, inquired the reason for this, Hadrat Baba Farid Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho replied, “I wanted to take help of the staff, but
Allah’s Displeasure frowned upon me for depending on other’s help
instead of His. I, therefore, threw away the staff and felt highly
ashamed of this weakness in my faith in Lord, the Almighty.”
A man came to Baba Farid Radi
Allahu Ta'ala Anho once and submitted that he had no son, and requested
Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho to pray for one. Thereupon, Hadrat
Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho said that he had given him seven
sons. After some years, the person came to him again, but this time, He
was not alone, but accompanied by his seven sons.
Journey to other World
On the 5th of Muharram, during
the Isha prayer while in the act of Sajdah, he uttered "Ya Haiyyu Ya
Qauyum" [O Self-Subsisting, O Eternal] and with these words on his lips
his soul disappeared into the eternal bliss of his Lord Almighty.
An old woman that was one of
the devotees of the Saint presented a piece of cloth for the kaffan of
Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho. She implored:
“I have not spun even a single
thread of this cloth without having Wudu . I had prepared it for my own
coffin but if it is accepted for the kaffan of this great Saint, I feel
confident, Allah would be pleased with to pardon my sins and grant me
Hadrat Baba Farid’s Radi Allahu
Ta'ala Anho son accepted this cloth as the Kaffan.
His Mazar Sharif is in Pak
Patan, Pakistan. Hadrat Sabir Pak, Hadrat Nizamuddin Auliya and Hadrat
Jamaluddin Hansi rehmatulla alaihim are among his favorite Murids and
Khalifas. It is generally recognized that he had three wives and many
children. Hadrat Baba Farid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho was indeed one of
the most brilliant stars of the Chishtiyya Order and is held in high
esteem by one and all.
My restlessness has reached
such a level - I spend morning and evening in your love.
Look upon me now with a
merciful eye! Salutations to you, do now make my heart pleased, O
Faridudeen Gunj e Shakar!
Golden Words of
by Baba Farid al-Din Mas'ud
Ganj-e-Shakar Alaihir raHmah
away from jealousy if you want tranquility in your heart.
termination of self consciousness occurs with that ibaadah in which
both the head and heart bow down.
that heart can become the treasury of wisdom and intellect in which
there is no love for this World.
which people regard as trouble is but only a gift from the beloved
Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala, regard it as a demand made by love.
completion of man occurs with 3 things – Fear, Expectation and Love.
The fear of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala stops one from sin.
Expectation keeps on steadfast on following commands and orders.
Love makes one see only the pleasing of the beloved.
Dervish is that person who keeps his eyes, mouth and ears closed,
i.e. He hears, sees or speaks no evil.
forget Death under any circumstances.
all quarrelling & polemics.
Non-violence is the most beautiful ornament of Peaceful life.
Not every heart is capable
of finding the secret of Allah’s love.
There are not pearls in
every sea; there is not gold in every mine.