Sadr al-Afadhil Allama
A renowned and
famous scholar of philosophy, geometry, logic, hadith, and a
poet of the Beloved Messenger of Allah Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi
wa Sallam, namely Sayyad Muhammad Na'imuddin, titled as 'Sadr-al-Afadhil',
the son of Mawlana Mu'in al-Din Rahmatullahi alayh, who was born
on 21st of Safar-ul-Muzaffar 1300H, on 1st January 1887, in
Muhammad Na'eem al-Din Muradabadi Alaihir RaHmah
He became a memoriser (hafiz) of the Ennobled Qur'an, at the age
of 8. He studied the Urdu, and Persian literature from his
father, as the 'Dars-e-Nizamiyyah' was studied under Shah Fadl
Ahmad Rahmatullahi 'alayh. He further obtained a degree in
granting legal juristic opinion (ifta') from Shah Muhammad Gul
Rahmatullahi 'alayh, and had also sworn allegiance (bay'ah) to
His forefathers were the inhabitants of 'Mash'had'. At the time
of King Aurangzeb, they travelled from there to India. The king
gave them great esteem, and granted them with entitlement to
land. They travelled many cities when they reached Lahore, and
there they stayed near 'Abul-Hasanat'.
He took part vigorously, in many Islamic Movements, as he was
also a part (rukn) of the 'Khilafat Committee' which was to
establish a Sultanate in Turkey. At this stage, he had made some
He made 'impacting' tours of Agra, Jaipur, Kishan Garh, Gobind
Garh, Hawali'-e-Ajmer, Mithar, and Bharatpur against the 'Show
'Ali Movement' whose aim was to destroy Islam, and also sent his
In 1343H , he issued the Monthly 'As-Sawad-al-A'zam' and
by doing so, vigourously supported the 'View of the Two
In gaining the independance for Pakistan, on the 18th September
1918, he delivered an oratory masterpiece, at the opening
ceremony at the 'All India Sunni Conference'. He took great part
in the passing of the resolutions for a Pakistan at Minto-Park.
He was the Chief Organiser (Nazim-e-A'ala), at the Banaras
Conference held in 1942.
He fell ill while he was still preparing an Islamic
constitution. Life spared him no deferment, and on 18th Dhul
Hijjah 1367H [13th October 1948], on a Friday, the world became
deprived of him. His sanctuary stands at the left of the Jami'ah
Masjid, at Muradabad.
He left 14 works, and lots of treatises including 'Khaza'in-al-Irfan'
the tafsir of Kanz al-Iman: Ala Hadrat Shah Ahmad Raza Khan
alayhir rahman's Qur'an tranlsation in urdu.
Amongst the most famous works are:
He was a
khalifa of Imam al-Ahl as-Sunnat A'la Hadrat Shah Imam Ahmad
Raza Khan al-Barelwi and of 'Ashrafi miya' Shaykh Allama Sayyad
Muhammad Ali Hussain Shah al-Kicchochawi 'Alayhir rahmah w'al
al-bayan radd e tafwiyatu'l iman,
li daf' al-talbisat,
'ulya li iylayi 'ilm al-mustafa.
Some of his students included:
Ahmad Yaar Khan Na'imi
Sarkar-e-Kalan Sayyad Mukhtar Ashraf
Sadr al-Afadil, the teacher of teachers in the last century,
Mawlana Muhammad Na'eemuddin Muradaabadi is a jurist, scholar,
mufti, Quranic Exegete and an Educator. He was also an excellent
poet; a collection of his poems is named as 'Riyaz e Na'eem' /
the 'Garden of Na'eem' or the 'Garden of Comfort.'