blessed Genealogy of Sayyiduna AlaHadrat
ancestral tree of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah is
carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and
meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field.
The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books
written by Historians who were masters in this field. The following
points were noted before compiling the Ancestral tree:
Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi
- Preference was
given to books compiled by Historians of Afghan descent/origin as
they knew their descendants better than others.
amongst the Afghani Historians, preference was given to Historians
that belonged to the Bar'hech tribe as AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida
Khan Alaihir raHmah belong to the Bar'hech tribe.
- There is not
much dispute in the Chain of the Ancestral tree from Sayyiduna Nabi
Adam to Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq.
- The chain of
the Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq to Hadrat Malikaloot was
extracted according to the citation found in the books of authors
who belonged to the Bar'hech tribe. This was so because people of a
tribe will have more genuine information of their ancestors in
relation to others of different tribes.
- There is a
consensus in Books of Ancestral trees from Hadrat Malikaloot to
Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and so is the case from Sayyiduna
'Abdur-Rashid to Bar'hech.
- From Bar'hech
till Hadrat Shuja'at Jang Muhammad Sa'eedullah Khan the genealogy
was extracted from Khulasat al-Ansab, Akhbar al-Sanadid and
Bustan-e-Hikmat, whose authors are not only Afghanis, but belonged
to the Bar'hech tribe.
This is how cautiously this Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis
Salam till AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan was constructed. The Ancestral
tree is as follows:
AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida s/o Ra’is al-Atqiya Imam Muhammad Naqi
'Ali s/o 'Arife-Billah Imam Rida 'Ali s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim 'Ali
s/o Mawlana Shah Muhammad A'zam Khan s/o Mawlana Muhammad Sa'adat
Yaar Khan s/o Shuja'at Jung Muhammad Sa'idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari
s/o 'Abdur-Rahman Khan s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari s/o Dawlat Khan s/o
Badal Khan s/o Da'ūd Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen 'Urf
Shar’habūn s/o Ibra’him 'Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid
Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu s/o 'Ays s/o Salool s/o 'Utba s/o
Na'eem s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar s/o Zaman s/o
'Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o Salah s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o
Ashmu’ail s/o Na'eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath s/o Sharood s/o Makhal
s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o 'Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o 'Amaal
s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o 'Ilm or 'Aleem s/o Ash’mool
s/o Harūn s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Suheb s/o Talal s/o Lu’ee s/o 'Ameel
s/o Taraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana
s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malik Taloot s/o Qais s/o 'Utbah s/o Talas
s/o Ru’ail s/o Yahūdah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qūb Alaihis Salam s/o
Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq Alaihis Salam s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi
Ibra’him Alaihis Salam s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhūd or Nahūr s/o Shurū' or
Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hūd Alaihis Salam s/o 'Abir s/o Sha’lakh
s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Nūh Alaihis Salam [age:
1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age:
900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris Alaihis Salam s/o Bayarad s/o
Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anūsh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth Alaihis
Salam [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam [age:
raHmah belong to the Afghani Bar'hech tribe which was of Royal Descent.
He was indeed a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great 'Ulama
and Masha'ikh hailed from his dignified tribe whose Mazars are still a
centre of solace and spiritual enlightenment for the people both in
Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about
these great dignitaries. However, an important point to note is that in
the ancestry of AlaHadarat, there are Eight (8) Noble Prophets and One
Exalted Sahabi. The Prophets Alaihim as-Salam are:
1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qoob
2) Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq
3) Khalilullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra'him
4) Sayyiduna Nabi Hood
5) Sayyiduna Nabi Nooh
6) Sayyiduna Nabi Idris
7) Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth
8) Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alaihim as-Salam)
The one Sahabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu
Ta'ala Anhu. He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of
Hadrat Malikaloot. Qais bin 'Ays lived in the mountain of Ghour. In one
of the Expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid, he became interested
in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and went to
Madinah al-Munawwara. They met the beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho
Alaihi wa Sallam and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands.
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah then said to him:
"Qais is a Hebrew word and
I am an Arab".
The Prophet of Allah gave him the Islamic name 'Abdur-Rashid. The
blessed Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam further said:
"You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom Allah blessed with the
title of Malik (King). in the future you too will be remembered with
the title of Malik".
This is how he got the title of Malik from the office of Prophethood.
It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi was planning for the
conquest of Makkah Mukarrama and appointed Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and the
other Afghani Sahabi as the lead of the secret service scouts of the
army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. The
Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of
Makkah. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid himself killed 70 Kuffar in this
battle (Refer to Akhbar al-Sanadid for details). His role and bravery in
this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet
SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam who predicted that a great family will
emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on
religion and will strengthen the Din of Islam like Bataan (conqueror
with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du'a
of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that great 'Ulama
and Masha'ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.
To name a few, some other stars in the firmament of excellence are: The
great Mujaddid, AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri, His sons, Hujjat
al-Islam Imam Hamid Rida al-Qadiri, Ghawth al-Zaman Mufti A'zam Imam
Mustafa Rida al-Qadiri Noori and Taaj al-Shari'ah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar
Rida al-Qadiri. Their services to the Deen is known to the Muslim World
and precisely the manifestations of the Du'as of the Beloved Prophet of
Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.
Since the Beloved Nabi's Du'a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid
was that they will strengthen the Deen and their strength will be like
Bataan, from that day on he became famous by the title of "Bataan". This
word Bataan in later days changed to the present day name "Pathaan".
Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashidhen became
synonymous by the word Pathaan. This is how the word Pathaan can into
existence. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahi Ta'ala Anhu married
Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala
Anhu, and he passed away at the age of 87 years.
— — —
Shaykh Abu Muhmmad Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri
Imam Ahmad Raza Academy, Durban,