of Wisdom by Ameer al-Mu'mineen
Sayyiduna 'Umar al-Farooq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho
To eat less is
healthy, to speak less is wisdom, and to sleep less is worship.
To speak less is
wisdom, to eat less is healthy and to mingle less with the people is safe
The one who
steps back will not progress.
Nothing is worst
than avarice that destroys the mind, not even Alcohol.
It is unbecoming
of that person who sits with his hands folded and prays to ALLAH SubHanuhu
wa Ta'ala for sustenance. ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala does not rain down gold
and silver from the heavens.
To earn a
suspicious living is worse than begging.
The biggest gift
after Iman (Faith) is your wives.
before old age settles in.
also when a person eats whatever he wishes.
his secret keeps his safety, safeguarded with himself.
The person who
calls himself learned, indeed he is ignorant, and the one who calls himself
from the dwellers of Paradise surely he is from the dwellers of Hell.
(Accepted forgiveness) is the name of that forgiveness that is asked for a
bad deed committed, in such a manner that he never returns to or commits
that bad deed again.
The Strength in
action is, never to put of what you can do today for tomorrow.
It is not
becoming of a Muslim to sit down and start praying for sustenance without
attempting to earn it, he is well aware that gold and silver does not rain
from the skies.
If it wasn’t for
the claim of knowledge of the unknown then I would say five people are from
the dwellers of Paradise:
family man who is poverty stricken but is patient
women with whom her husband is happy and accepting.
woman who forgives he husband’s duty of Mehr (Dowry approved by Muslim law)
person with whom his parents are Happy
that person who honestly repents from his sins
Once a sheep was
slaughtered and Syeduna 'Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho persistently
asked his servant if he had first sent meat to his neighbor who was a Jew.
The slave asked why you are asking the same question persistently. He
answered that ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and his Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa
Sallam had constantly stressed the importance of neighbors therefore I too
am persistent in stressing the same.
make Salam (greeting)
make space for a person in a gathering
address a person in a respectable and good manner
There are four
types of Regrets:
that spans over a day e.g. When a person leaves his home without eating.
that spans over a year, just like the negligence shown when cultivating.
that spans over a lifetime, when a man and his wife are unsuited to each other.
that is eternal, which is when your Creator is unhappy with you.
There are three
types of people:
Successful: he who listens to the advice of people and ponders over it.
or Lethargic: he who does what he wants without consultation or advice of
Corpse: who neither gives nor listens to advice and consolation.
Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho on many an occasion asked this du'a (supplication)
to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala so that certain situations should always remain
with him and some things should be removed, the Du'a is: “O ALLAH SubHanuhu
wa Ta'ala! Make me such that I may speak with intellect or reap tolerance
with silent. O! ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala do not bestow upon me too many
favours, so that I may not be confused by it, not too little that I may
forget You. Hence, little yet sufficient in comparison to having plenty
thereby becoming indulgent and committing sin.”
If ever you see
a learned person ('Aalim) leaning towards this World, then know this he is
blameworthy for his Religion, because the universal harm is that if a person
desires something then he is constantly engrossed in its quest.
Faith (Iman) is
to regard the Oneness of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala in ones heart proclaim it
with your tongue and to obey the fundamental Islamic Instructions.
of true humility and genuine fear of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala is with the
heart and not by a show of outward actions.
Why have you
made slaves of those whose mothers had given birth to them free?
Settlements in any cases should be done quickly, so that the accused, due to
a prolonged period of time are not compelled to withdraw their accusation.
It is absolutely
necessary not to associate with a beast for though he wishes or means well,
yet he would still be accused of committing a crime.
wa Ta'ala, shower your Blessings of Mercy on that person who informs me of
When a learned
man takes a false step then he ensnares himself in a World of wrongdoings.
One day a man
was praising Hadrat 'Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho, he replied by saying why
are you destroying me even more with my desires (Nafs).
I am not a fool,
but I pretend to be a fool, in order to fool the fool. And just when the
fool thinks I am a fool, I will expose the fool and show to him that he is
I do not look at
anything, except, that I see everything with ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
If I die in this
condition that I have strived to earn an honest living then it is more
beloved to me than even dying as a Martyr.
towards people is equivalent to wisdom, to request politely is half of
knowledge, and to ascribe to sound policies is half of one’s livelihood.
To educate a
material person is like placing a sword in the hands of a robber.
Do not have
Faith in a person’s compassion and politeness when he cannot keep his anger
Do not have
Faith in a religious person who is not tested during temptation.
He is a friend
who brings to your attention your faults and to sing praises of a person in
his presence is similar to slaughtering him.
decreases ones age, while politeness, glamor, pomp and show which ease
living standards are indications of people who are unaware of death.
To show greed
and avarice is impoverishing, to be unselfish is enriching and to wish
compensation in patience.
Good deeds are
the fulfillment of one’s rights and to do good deeds is a substitute for bad
To speak less is
wisdom, to eat less is healthy, to sleep less is a prayer and there is peace
Youth before old
age and old age before death is a blessing of life.
person is the beloved of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala even though he
is a transgressor. A miser is the enemy of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa
Ta'ala although he may pray and remember Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala
To forgive an
oppressor is oppression upon the oppressed.
When you combine
lawful with unlawful gains then the unlawful contaminates the lawful gains
though it may be little.
A Mu'min does
not keep as his friend one who is opposed to Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa
Ta'ala and his Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam even though that person
may be his mother or father.
The sound of
music and that of a mourner are two of the worst sounds.
tranquility and peace in anonymity and confidentiality.
We should leave
the other nine portions out for the fear of Haram (unlawful). (i.e. if in
ten portions one is Haram a Muslim would leave the other nine portions out
meaning anything unlawful would be completely left out).
Desire is never
achieved without fear, nor manners and etiquette without formality, or
happiness without peace or wealth without gifts or poverty without
contentment, or dignity without politeness or Jihad (holy war) without
diving guidance and assistance.
preoccupation and old age before death is a blessing of life.
dignity in this World is measured by wealth while honour and dignity in the
Hereafter is measured by good deeds.
from the Fires of Hell even if it means by doing a favour with half a date
(fruit). If this too is not possible then with sweet words.
(Faith), there is no greater gift than a pious wife.
Not to postpone
is strength in action.
you your faults, he is your friend. Those that pay you lip service in praise
are your executioners.
One who guards
his secrets is surely safe.
The person who
constantly discloses my faults to me is dearest to me.
Fear that person
who you dislike.
'Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho camped on the outskirts of Jerusalem to
conquer Bait al-Maqdas, the Christian Crusaders were terrified of his
presence and requested a meeting with him before handing over the keys of
the city. The Crusaders met him whilst he wore a patched garb. They asked
him the reason as to why his name generated such immense awe and fear that
captured the hearts of his enemies. He replied; “Your kings taught you to
love the World (Duniyah) and its wealth and our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa
Sallam taught us to fear ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and love death.
He is an
intelligent person who can translate his actions into good.
Never put off
for tomorrow what you can do today.
There is never a
chance of pain in the neck if one does not raise his head too high in the
Do not forget
about yourself whilst being concerned for others.
To stop sinning
is easier than to bear the burden of seeking repentance.
Remove your gaze
from the splendor of the World. Do not let the love of this World enter your
heart. Beware! The love of this World does not perhaps destroy you, just as
it had destroyed previous nations.
gained through strategy and trust in ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala, not by
intelligent amongst you is he who fears ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala the most.
towards the poor so that they may be able to speak and build courage.
Extend a hand of
friendship to a foreigner because if his stay is extended then he would
leave his valuable possessions to return to his own country and leave that
person responsible for his valuables who had been most worthy of his
Do not taunt and
curse anyone for this gives rise to collective evils in a person.
One should not
judge a person by the number of Salaat (prayer) or Roza (fasting) but by his
wisdom and honesty.
To die for the
right is better than to live for falsehood. Courage is recommend, cowardice
is detestable, and falsehood is vulnerable to vanish!
connected to the heart not by mere apparent actions.
To educate a
seeker of materialism is to place a sword in the hands of a highway robber.
Do not trust the
character of one who cannot control his temper.
excessively is a sign of no remorse for death.
To side with the
oppressor is oppression on the oppressed.
Death is the
The dearest of
you as long as you have not met us are the best in names. But after we had
seen you, the best of you to us are the best of you in character. When we
scrutinize you, the dearest of you to us are the most truthful of you in
(sometimes) judged by the revealing of a Divine Inspiration during the
lifetime of Allah’s Apostle (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) but now there are
no longer any new revelations. Now we judge you by the deeds you practice
publicly, so we will trust and favor the one who does good deeds in front of
us, and we will not call him to account about what he is really doing in
secret, for Allah will judge him for that; but we will not trust or believe
the one who presents to us with an evil deed even if he claims that his
intentions were good.
The best days we
ever lived were by virtue of patience, and if patience were to take the
shape of a man, he would be a noble and generous man.
Take yourself to
account before you are taken to account, weigh your actions before they are
weighed, and beautify yourself for the ultimate presentation. On that day
not the slightest secret will be hidden.
It was Sayyiduna
Umar’s daily routine to visit the homes of soldiers who were on the
battlefield and ask their womenfolk if they had to make any purchases from
the market, and he would do it for them. They would send their maids and
Sayyiduna Umar would make the purchases and hand over to them. When a
messenger came from the battlefield, bringing letters from soldiers, the
Caliph would himself deliver them at their homes and tell them the messenger
would return on such and such date, and they should keep their letters ready
by that time, He would himself supply paper, pen, and ink, and when there
was no literate person in a family, he would himself sit outside the door
and write to their dictation.
There is no
goodness in you if you do not say ‘Fear Allah’ and there is no goodness in
us if we do not listen.
Umar appointed anyone as a governor, he wrote down for him a covenant to
which a group of muhajirs (up to ten in number) bore witness. The conditions
and terms were: He would not ride a workhorse, not eat luxurious food, not
wear fine garment and not shut his door to the needy. If he did any of these
things then he was liable to punishment.
Lower your gaze
from the world and turn your heart away from it.
I will inform
you about what is lawful for me from the wealth of Allah: An outfit for the
winter, an outfit for the summer, mount that I can ride upon for Hajj and
Umrah, and food for my family, such as given to a man from the Quraish who
is neither the richest nor the poorest among them. I am simply a man among
the Muslim; I go through what they go through.
obliterates evil with evil, but He erases evil with goodness.
O Allah, you
indeed know that I eat only my food, that I wear only my own clothing, and
that I take only what is rightfully mine.
The death of a
thousand worshipers is easier to bear than the death of a scholar who has
knowledge of what Allah has permitted and forbidden.
Lo! By Allah, if
I remain alive to help the widows from the people of Iraq, I will leave so
much for them that they will never need to ask for help from any ruler who
comes after me.
bribery, and of ruling based on your desires.
Do not be fooled
by one who recites the Qur’an. His recitation is but speech, but look to
those who act according to it.
Umar was in his garden, when coming back, he found that the people had
performed the Asr Prayer. Thereby, he said, ‘We will surely return to Allah!
I missed the Asr Prayer in congregation. May you witness that I gave my
garden in charity to the needy so as to expiate what Umar had done.
The most beloved
of people to me is he that points out my flaws to me.
and teach it to the people. Learn how to have yourselves an aura of dignity
and peace. Be humble to those that have taught you knowledge, and be humble
to those that you have taught knowledge. And do not be haughty scholars;
otherwise, your knowledge will not rise due to your ignorance.
O Allah, if You
have written me down as being someone who is miserable, then erase that for
me; and instead write me down as being happy. For indeed, You erase whatever
You wish, and You write down and uphold .
The Islam of
Sayyiduna Umar was a victory , his migration [to Madinah] was a triumph, and
his caliphate was a mercy . I remember the time when we were not able to
pray or perform tawaf around the Ka’bah. That was before Sayyiduna Umar
embraced Islam. After he embraced Islam, we fought against them until they
left us alone; and thus we began to be able to pray .
Know that every
habit comes by getting used to it. Get used to being patient and doing good.
Be patient against whatever befalls you. It will make you fear Allah.
Never think ill
of the word that comes out of your believing brother’s mouth, as long as you
can find a good excuse for it.
yourself to remembering Allah, for remembering Allah is a cure. And beware
of remembering people, for the act of remembering people is a disease.
By Allah! If I
had gold equal to the earth, I would have ransomed myself with it from the
punishment of Allah.
Each day is
proclaimed, ‘So and so has died!’ And with no doubt it will be said one day,
The one who
laughs too much loses dignity; one who jokes too much loses respect; whoever
does something a great deal, becomes known for it; one who speaks a great
deal makes mistakes; one who makes many mistakes loses his sense of dignity.
Whoever loses his sense of dignity loses his God-fearing and whoever loses
his God-fearing is spiritually dead.
filling your stomachs with food and drink, for it is harmful to the body and
causes sickness and laziness in performing prayers. Be moderate in both food
and drink, for that is healthier for your bodies and furthest removed from
extravagance. Allah will hate the fat man (one who revels in a life of
luxury), and a man will not be condemned until he favours his desires over
During the year
of the Ashes (drought and famine), Sayyiduna Umar ibn Al-Khattab’s stomach
would make rumbling sound. He forbade himself from eating Ghee, and so he
would eat olive oil. And he would poke his stomach with his fingers and say,
‘Rumble as much as you want, for indeed, I will feed you nothing other than
this until the situation of the people improves.
Strive to listen
to what comes out of the mouth of people who are obedient to Allah. Listen
to what they have to say, for indeed, truth things are made manifest to
particular Friday, Sayyiduna Umar did not come out to Friday prayer on time;
and since he was to deliver the Friday sermon the people had to wait until
he came out to them. When Sayyiduna Umar finally did come out to them, he
came out to them, he apologized, explaining that, ‘I was prevented from
coming out because this garment I am wearing was being washed; and I own no
Umar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu became Khalifah of the Muslim Nation, he was
once seen delivering a sermon while wearing a lower garden that was patched
in 12 different places.
Help me against
myself by enjoining good, forbidding evil, and sincerely advising me.
O Allah, I am
indeed harsh, so make me gentle; I am weak, so make me strong; and I am
miserly, so make me generous.
Imam Ahmad Raza Academy